Swords and Remains: State Coercion and Political Violence in the History of Modern Turkey

Swords and Remains: State Coercion and Political Violence in the History of Modern Turkey

Now more than ever, political violence must be understood as a key concept for understanding the history of Turkey. By considering the political history of the Ottoman Empire through repertoires of political violence, Swords and Remains provides an alternative perspective of the history of modern Turkey based on the close relation between coercive actions in the transition from empire coupled with the economy of violence that has occurred as a result of a national identity established by the Republic.

The authors analyze the coercion that has enabled the ruling class through historical events such as the Kurdish revolts since the ’20s, youth and workers’ movements in the ’60s, the violence akin to a civil war with in the ’70s, and the revolt of PKK after the ’80s amid the balance of state capacity and democratization and the civil violence that was built up against this coercion.

Swords and Remains may thus be read as a narrative of the Turkish state both generating and transforming a Schmittian political vision.

Book Details

Paperback
Publisher: Red Quill Books (October 11, 2017)
Authors: Vefa Saygın Oğutle
Authors: Güney Çeğin
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1926958357
ISBN-13: 978-1926958354
Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.4 x 9 inches
Shipping Weight: 8.8 ounces
Price: $35.95 USD

Table of Contents

5 INTRODUCTION

19 CHAPTER ONE: The Incubation Period of Political Violence Repertories: Abandoning the Emperorship

20 I. From Reform to Dissolution: Disruptions in Rulership Configuration
23 II. The Construction of Colonial Ottomanism as a Form of Structural Violence
28 III. From Violence against the State to Coercion in the Name of the State: “Unionist Dictatorship”
30 IV. Armenian Crisis, “Special Organization”, and the Liquidation of Christian Elements

37 CHAPTER TWO: Formation of the Turkish State: Construction of Violence Monopoly, Manufacturing Consent, and the Political Composition of Breach of Legitimacy

39 I. Two Pillars of Monopolization: Establishment of Political Authoritarianism and the Kemalist Modernization View
46 II. 30s: The Symptoms of Extremism
49 III. Opponent Variants: the Kurdish Political Movement and Religious Attempts

59 CHAPTER THREE: Building of Capitalist Militarism: Paramilitarism and Moment of Birth of Radical-Constitutive Violence

61 I. “Civil” Hand of the State Coercion: Turkish Ultranationalistic Right-Wing as a Genuine Paramilitarization Practice
70 II. Radicalization Process of the Turkish Left Wing: Radical-Constitutive Violence as a Synthesis

83 CHAPTER FOUR: Chronic Political Crisis and Civil War Status

86 I. Political Context and Specific Political Rationality of Paramilitary Violence
96 II. Variant of Radical-Constitutive Violence as a Radical Society Construction Strategy

107 CHAPTER FIVE: Kurdish Radical-Constitutive Violence Variant as Independent State-Making Project: Parallel Universe?

107 I. The Transition from the Civil-Reactional to Radical-Constitutive Violence
118 II. The Birth of Kurdish Radical-Constitutive Violence

131 CHAPTER SIX: The Depoliticization of Political Field And The Inveteracy of Ominous Problems

132 I. Transformations, Crises and New Structurings in the State Field
141 II. Variants of Political Violence
148 III. The Parliament and Civil Society

151 CONCLUSION

155 APPENDIX: Politics as War: AKP, Kurdish Movement and Re-Raising of Political Violence

156 I. AKP’s Erection of Hegemony
162 II. Civil War Prospects
167 III. To Be Continued

REFERENCES

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